Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/10510
Does part-time work make employees more efficient? Importance of context in assessing flexible work arrangements
The aim of this study is to examine employee perceptions of flexible work arrangements with special emphasis on part-time work, in light of the different contexts they find themselves in. It further seeks to understand the effects of part-time work on employees' way of working.
The literature review discusses various contextual factors that impact employee perceptions, such as public and organisational context and management and colleague support. It further explores outcomes such as work-life balance and discusses the existing theories on work effort change and work intensification in relation to flexible work arrangements. It ends with a discussion on the role of individual factors such as personality, motivation, life situation and gender.
The study was conducted through 13 qualitative interviews conducted in the first 6 months of 2011 in the Netherlands. The goal was to get a holistic picture of the effects and perceptions of flexible work arrangements through interviewing respondents of different nationalities and professions.
The findings suggest that contextual support and trust play a significant role in determining how employees perceive their flexible work arrangement and the subsequent outcomes of it. Furthermore, they indicate that perceived efficiency increase and in some cases intensification of work seem to be a by‐product of flexible work arrangements. However, they also indicate that such efficiency increase cannot be attributed to the work arrangement alone as various other factors have an impact, such as the aforementioned context as well as individual differences in personality, motivations, life situations and gender.