Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/10586
The European Union´s Common Fishery Policy and the Icelandic Fishery Management System. Effective implementation of sustainable fisheries
This thesis explores the European Union’s Common Fishery Policy and the Icelandic Fishery Management System. It offers a comparative analysis of the systems’ management instruments intended to promote sustainable fisheries within Icelandic and European Union’s waters. It predominantly focuses on effective implementation of the systems’ management instruments in light of their conservation objective. The thesis’ main objective is to explore whether the European Union’s Common Fishery Policy can adopt management instruments from the Icelandic Fishery Management System in order to improve the state of the Union’s marine resources. To do so it offers a comprehensive account of the legal framework of the systems’ conservation policy, main management instruments, and their control and enforcement systems. Furthermore, a historical account is given in order to shed a light on the political and structural conditions that have shaped the systems’ development. In July 2011, a legislative proposal for a new Basic Regulation for the Common Fishery Policy was published, the thesis therefore also covers the main changes the proposal introduces. The thesis’ main findings, is that the fundamental difference between the systems; that the Icelandic Fishery Management System is governed by an Individual Transferable Quota System and the European Union’s Common Fishery Policy is based on equal access to marine resources, has influenced the adopted management instruments, policy implementation, political decisions, as well as the challenges the systems face. Despite this, there are management measures that the Common Fishery Policy can adopt from the Icelandic Fishery Management System in order to improve the effective implementation of sustainable fisheries. Having said that, it is important to stretch, that a comparative analysis between two systems, also offers an opportunities to see what general lessons can be learned from each fishery management systems, if any.