Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/12864
China´s Urban Development in the Post-Reform Era. The Chinese City and the Emerging Mega City in Wake of the Open Door Policy
This Bachelor thesis deals with the consequences of the Open Door Policy (Gaige kaifang 改革开放) or the ODP initiated in 1978 and the ensuing reform era for the modern Chinese city. The economical liberation, resulting from the ODP, has transformed the face of China from a rigorously controlled communist economy to what is often described today as an economical miracle. The modern Chinese city has left behind its ancient city walls and is now evolving into a mega city reaching for the skies with skyscrapers springing up all over the country. There are many problems facing these new cities, ranging from affordable housing to transportation logistics and everything in between. China is a country of some 1.3 billion people whose urban population is still only about 50% of the total. China will without a doubt go through increasing levels of urbanization and therefore it has to look for ways to accommodate this huge influx of people to its cities. China seems to be taking steps to integrate whole cities and even whole provinces into a single metropolis to deal with its growing urban population.
This thesis aims to look at and explain the current trend in urbanization with a look at three major urban areas: Shenzhen (深圳), one of the first experimental city of the ODP; Shanghai (上海), a city with a rich history of foreign relations and currently considered the center of the new Chinese powerhouse; and lastly, Chongqing (重庆), a new municipality created from the merger of regional cities into one. Additionally, the thesis provides a short discussion of the early years of the ODP, considers the problems facing urbanization at such a pace, discusses the appearance of “ghost cities”, and looks at the future prospects for the Chinese city as well as the emerging mega city.