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ThesisUniversity of Iceland>Félagsvísindasvið>Meistaraprófsritgerðir>

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/2356

Title
is

The Future of Transatlantic Relations: Lessons from Disagreements between the United States and Europe from 1954-2009

Abstract
is

The goal of this thesis is to predict future prospects for transatlantic relations by
analyzing the major political disagreements between the US and Europe in the area of
security and defense, from the beginning of the Cold War until today. A special focus is
placed on the rift following the US invasion of Iraq in March 2003. The research is
based on existing literature on the topic as well as interviews with academics who have
focused on it in their studies. The literature includes books, articles, reports, newspapers, journals, policy papers, and other similar written resources. The conclusion is that the well being of transatlantic relations is undisputedly in the very best interests of both
parties, at least today and for the next decades. It is fair to suggest that that fact will keep preventing the transatlantic alliance from falling apart in the foreseeable future, since Europe will remain the best ally of choice for the US, and vice versa. It would be selfdestructive for both parties to weaken these important ties, as well as harmful for international security as a whole. In a more distant future, it can be foreseen that the transatlantic alliance might even become more important, with the likely rise of Brazil, Russia, India and China, and the US’s and Europe’s relative decline in world influence. At that point the transatlantic allies might fully reunite in order to balance the new global powers. Another possibility is that a multipolar world would emerge, with four or five global powers relatively independent from one another. Alliances in a multipolar system
are in general flexible and constantly shifting. Consequently, the transatlantic alliance might become weaker in such kind of a system.

Issued Date
30/04/2009


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