Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/27016
Public Participation in Global Environmental Governance: A case study of NGO influence in the pre-negotiation of the Paris Agreement
Public participation has become an essential feature of global environmental governance, as it legitimates the system through the engagement of all actors in the international community, and helps overcome the poor cooperation between the different sectors of society. However, the evaluation of the strengths and weaknesses of public participation has shown that it has not been employed at its fullest capacity, and more efforts are required to intensify its effectiveness. The objective of this research is the analysis of public participation within the ongoing intricate, multifaceted and translational normative scenario, to examine its effectiveness, identify failures and recommend some practical alternatives to improve its success at the international level. This analysis was done through a descriptive case study of the participation of civil society during the global environmental governance process that resulted in the adoption of the Paris Agreement in 2015. Public participation was analysed through the submissions of four non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP) during the period of elaboration of the Paris Agreement and the establishment of the pre-2020 strategies on climate change. The results show how the increased number of participating organizations has, in fact, not made public participation more effective. Likewise, the findings provide evidence that illustrates how and why the way how public participation is managed within the UN system impedes the proper representation of civil society; and how and why the lack of regulation of civil society participation in international law hinders its effectiveness, along with the representativity and legitimacy of NGOs.