Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/4416
A Sustainability Assessment Protocol for Geothermal Utilization
Sustainable development calls for the use of sustainable energy systems. However, the way in which a geothermal resource is utilized will ultimately determine whether or not it is sustainable. Sustainable utilization of geothermal energy means that it is produced and used in such a way that is compatible with the well-being of future generations and the environment (UNDP, 2000).
A measurement and assessment framework is needed for a sustainable energy development strategy, as it can provide an integrated understanding of current socio-economic and ecological conditions. The objective of this project is to develop a Geothermal Sustainability Assessment Protocol (GSAP) tailored especially for geothermal energy development projects, and based on a methodology recommended by the International Institute of Sustainable Development (IISD). This protocol will be pilot tested on the Krafla geothermal project in Iceland in association with Landsvirkjun Power.
The protocol is intended to aid policy- and decision-making regarding geothermal energy developments, equipping decision-makers at all levels with a tool to aid the choice of sound national sustainable development policies (UN, 1992), for monitoring progress of past policies, plans or projects, and for facilitating strategy formulation and comparison of different energy project options.