Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/7269
Why Can We Get Rid of the Western European Union? European Collective Security and the Modified Brussels Treaty
The Western European Union is a security and defence alliance created in 1954 with the modification of the Brussels Treaty. Its main feature is the commitment to mutual defence should any of the signatories be the victim of an armed attack in Europe. By demonstrating their resolve to work together, the members of the Western European Union helped to overcome the reluctance of the United States to participate in the nascent European security arrangements. The organisation conducted and took part in various security operations in Europe and abroad in 1987-2009, in close collaboration with the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and the European Union. On 31 March 2010, the signatories to the Modified Brussels Treaty collectively decided to terminate the Treaty, thereby abolishing Western European Union as an organization. Final closure is to be completed by the end of June 2011. This paper will tell the story of the Western European Union, from cradle to grave, and try to explain its contribution to Europe‟s security arrangements and the reasons behind its closure. It will also try to shed some light on Europe‟s security today and tomorrow.
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