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Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/11497


"I shall assume that only binary branching is permitted." The Development of Binary-branching Theory in English Syntax in Relation to Double Complement Structures

Maí 2012

This essay covers the theory of binary-branching in relations to double object and NP+PP complement structures. The discussion moves from generative grammar approaches by Kayne (1986) and Larson (1988) to pre-minimalist approaches by Bowers (1993) and minimalist approaches by Chomsky (1995), Harley (2003, 2007) and Stroik (2001) and finally looks at some opposing approaches headed by Culicover and Jackendoff (2005). The central argument is that strict binary-branching is currently the
best method for drawing up tree diagrams as made clear by how it is applied in
double-object structures. Kayne’s reasoning for appealing for a binary-branching
framework is explored first and then the problem of double object structures and anaphor
restrictions introduced by Barss and Lasnik (1986). The discussion moves on to examine
VP shell analysis and its evolvement since its inception by Larson. From there, predicate
phrase structures, as introduced by Bowers, are explored, as well as his adaptation of the
VP shell analysis and idea of null causative verbs. The central discussion revolves
around the minimalist analysis of light verb phrase structures. Some evidence from
cross-linguistic data and idioms is provided for support of the use of light verbs. The
most current data provided is Harley’s take on abstract verb entities HAVE and PLoc,
and how they combine with causative light verbs to form lexical verbs. The essay then
moves on to examine passives and whether they fit the same framework as double object
structures or not. The essay concludes with some opposing data to binary-branching
structures in relations to a linear approach to drawing tree diagrams and subsequent
rejection of strictly binary-branching structures as argued for by Culicover and
Jackendoff (2005).


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