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Titill
en

Sustainable Urban Future of Reykjavik. The Case of Artunshofdi

Útgáfa
Mars 2012
Útdráttur
en

This is a study of the growth and urban development of the northernmost capital of the world, Reykjavik. The research focuses both on the theoretical background of Reykjavik’s development as well as the actual physical growth of the city. A prognosis for the city´s future development is held out as well as an analysis of one of the main growth opportunities. A case study will thus be conducted for a relatively large area called Artunshofdi cape. This area shall be re-designed and rebuilt in the near future and its central location inside the city makes the success of the project vital. As a young city Reykjavik has gone through majority process where its major actors, the general
public, authorities, politicians and investors have had a hard time getting along. In the economic boom following World War II the society has facilitated the usage of the private car to the extent that an effective public transportation is not to be found and the visions of compact city living with its benefits are all but forgotten. With new emphasis in its urban development practice and sustainability, the city authorities are responding to the global call out for the urban areas to shoulder their share in improving the global living. This study reveals that Reykjavik has made good progress in “mapping” its effect and marked a clear goal for the future. What is now needed is to improve the relations between the already mentioned actors so that the wheels of the society can start to spin again. In the wake of crisis times many possibilities emerge and the re-birth of Artunhofdi cape is one of them. By tracing both the theoretical- and empirical saga of Reykjavik municipality and through analyzing the Artunshofdi cape area the author contributes to the “sustainable urban future of Reykjavik” by unfolding its transportation pattern of automobile dependency and the underlying forces behind the urban development of the city.
The main findings are that the Artunshofdi cape can be used as a showcase to show the urban actors that much is to be gained by taking sustainable measurements. Sustainability will though not be gained in Reykjavik municipality like the way things are heading now. A new land-use strategy is needed and not only for Reykjavik municipality but a collective one for the whole Great Capital Area that Reykjavik is part of so that sustainability can ever be gained. Only by facilitating merger of the eight municipalities in the Great Capital Area a sensible collective land-use strategy can be made. Reykjavik and the Great Capital Area is in a need of stopping sprawl, intensify the built area, design new public transportation system (bus, metro, tram, train) and tidying up in the authorities body. The area is thus in a need of a guiding hand and that hand should be a governmental one. The Icelandic State should intervene and lead or demand merger of the eight municipalities as only when that has been done a new land-use strategy can be made and outworn visions will be reshaped
and then the true quest for less automobile dependency and more sustainability can begin in Reykjavik.

Athugasemdir

Meistaraprófsritgerð skrifuð við DTU, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet í Kaupmannahöfn

Birting
30.11.2012


Skrár
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