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Titill

Hver önn sem þau hafa klárað hér í skólanum er sigur fyrir hvert og eitt : reynsla nemenda í Verkmenntaskólanum á Akureyri af þróunarverkefni um framhaldsskólapróf af stuttri starfsnámsbraut

Útgáfa
Október 2014
Útdrættir
  • Í þessari grein er fjallað um tilraunaverkefni sem miðaði að því að koma á fót stuttri starfsnámsbraut innan Almennrar brautar við Verkmenntaskólann á Akureyri (VMA) skólaárin 2011–2012 og 2012–2013. Markmið greinarinnar er að lýsa tilraunaverkefninu og greina frá reynslunni af því frá sjónarhóli nemendanna sem tóku þátt í því fyrstu tvö árin, reynslu þriggja starfsmanna skólans af verkefninu og mati þeirra á því að hvaða marki það kom til móts við þarfir nemendanna. Starfsnámsbrautin er liður í viðleitni VMA til að ná til nemenda í brotthvarfshættu með nýju og óhefðbundnu námsúrræði. Markmið starfsnámsbrautarinnar er að bjóða nemendum fræðslu um atvinnulífið og búa þá undir frekari þátttöku á vinnumarkaði að loknu framhaldsskólaprófi. Sjö nemendur af tólf sem hófu starfsnámið haustið 2011 luku námi á vorönn 2012 og höfðu staðfest skólavist á næsta hausti. Af sex manna hópi sem innritaðist á starfsnámsbrautina haustið 2012 höfðu fimm lokið því námi sem þeir voru skráðir í og staðfest skólavist ári síðar. Í viðtölum sem tekin voru við nemendurna sem tóku þátt í náminu og dagbókum frá nokkrum þeirra kom fram að þeir voru allir ánægðir með námið og töldu það hafa verið gagnlegt enda þótt þeir væru enn óráðnir um framtíð sína að öðru leyti en því að ætla að halda áfram námi við VMA. Starf þeirra á vinnustöðunum gekk í öllum tilvikum vel. Kennslustjórum Almennu brautarinnar og umsjónarkennara námsins bar saman um að það hefðu verið vonbrigði að fimm nemendur hurfu frá náminu fyrra árið. Engu að síður er það niðurstaða rannsóknarinnar að starfsnámið hafi sannað gildi sitt fyrir þá nemendur sem luku skólaárinu og að þeir hefðu að öllum líkindum hætt í skólanum að loknu fyrsta námsári ef þeir hefðu ekki átt kost á þessu úrræði.

  • en

    Context
    In Iceland there are long standing concerns about high dropout rates from upper
    secondary schools. According to new information from Statistics Iceland, only
    44% of students who started secondary schools in 2003 graduated within the
    normal four years of study, while the average rate within OECD was 68%. Two
    years on the OECD average had risen to 81% but was 58% in Iceland, the lowest
    of 11 countries with comparable statistics (Hagstofa Íslands, 2012a, 2102b).
    Lög um framhaldsskóla (The Upper Secondary Act, nr. 92/2008) entitles students
    access to schooling until the age of 18. Upper secondary schools are also
    authorised to establish short, workplace-based programmes and grant students
    an upper secondary diploma when they have completed 52 credits of the 140
    credits required for the matriculation exam. In many European countries, such
    as Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Norway and Sweden, there is a rich tradition
    for vocational education with a strong connection with workplaces, and many of
    those countries are pursuing such educational programmes as a means of preventing
    dropout (European Commission, Education and Training, 2012a, 2012b;
    European Parliament, 2009; Hoffman, 2011; Kunnskapsdepartementet, 2009.)
    The study
    Akureyri Comprehensive College (VMA) has for a number of years offered a
    programme of study within its Department of General Studies (DGS) for students
    without the required prerequisites. Even though this programme has been
    successful for some students, it does not seem to have met the needs of the
    students that are most at risk of dropping out of school. In an attempt to improve
    provisions for students who are thought to be unlikely to graduate without
    special measures to meet their needs, the school has responded to new
    opportunities opened in the Upper Secondary Act of 2008 to grant students an
    upper secondary diploma after having completed 52 credits and engaged in a
    workplace-based programme of study aimed at these students.
    The aim of the current study was to investigate the progress and outcomes of
    a development project that commenced in the school year 2011–2012 and
    continued in the school year 2012–2013. Twelve and six students in each year
    respectively were offered to participate in a workplace-based programme aimed
    at enabling them to complete the 52 credits, required for the upper secondary
    diploma, in two years. The main emphasis was on the views and experiences of
    the participating students (cf. Fielding, 2006; Fletcher, 2005) and three teachers
    who led the development project. To this end, group interviews were conducted
    with each group of students in the beginning of the school year, followed by
    individual semi-structured interviews in the middle of the spring term. The
    interviews were supplemented by an analysis of the students’ diaries. In-depth
    interviews were also conducted with the head of the DGS, who was in charge in
    the school year 2011–2012, a new head appointed for the school year 2012–2013,
    and the teacher in charge of the workplace programme in both years.
    Findings and discussion
    When the individual interviews with the students in the first year were conducted
    in the middle of the spring term, five students had dropped out, but the remaining
    seven had all confirmed their enrolment for the coming school year of 2012–
    2013. In the second year, all six students who had entered the programme in the
    preceding autumn term were still active. The high dropout rate in the first year
    was disappointing but all students in both years who finished the two terms
    commended the workplace programme, and thought that its mixture of work
    placement and in-school studies had suited them well. However, despite their determination to stay in the school for the coming school year, they had no clear plans for the kind of vocation they would like to pursue. All of them had attended both their work training and in-school studies regularly; they were generally happy with their workplace training and the content and organisation of the in-school studies, and maintained that they had acquired new and useful know-ledge and skills. The heads of the DGS and the teacher in charge also maintained that despite the disappointing dropout of five students from the programme in the first year, the remaining students had gained from it and were unlikely to have stayed in school in the traditional DGS programme, let alone decided to enroll for another year. However, they pointed out that it would be a challenge for the school to find suitable future learning opportunities for these students, and there were limits as to how far the school would be able to reach, e.g. in terms of funding and other resources, to fulfil their individual needs. Even though the small-scale nature of the current study makes generalisations difficult, the study nevertheless does seem to indicate that schools such as VMA have the potential to establish programmes that meet students’ needs and work against their dropping out.

Birtist í

Netla

ISSN

1670-0244

Samþykkt
14.11.2014


Skrár
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