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Titill

Women in the modern Japanese economy

Útdráttur

This dissertation discusses the situation of women in the Japanese economy. It asks the question how women stand in the modern economy of Japan in terms of gender equality and whether women face any sort of discrimination in the job market. It is divided into two chapters. The first chapter examines women‘s dual role in the economy; their direct and indirect participation in it. Direct labour participation is examined from several angles, mainly by age and by occupation.
While the first chapter explores women in the economy more on the macro level, the second chapter delves deeper and discusses discrimination and differences between the genders in Japanese workplaces. The difference in wages between the sexes is examined as well as the situation of female part-time workers and clerical workers, which make up a large portion of Japanese employees. Female managers and their situation make a very interesting example of the problems faced by women in the Japanese economy, despite only constituting a small percentage of working women in Japan, therefore this is also discussed. Finally, changes made through legislations will be accounted for.
Through the information presented in the main issue, the conclusion reveals that Japanese women have indeed faced great discrimination in the economy over the decades and still do, although things are slowly changing for the better. It ends with the recommendation that Japanese businesses change their perspectives and open themselves up more towards women to fare better both domestically and internationally.

Birting
6.5.2009


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