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Titill

Economical Affects of Landmines: Sanski Most municipality, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Útdráttur

Landmines and Unexploded Ordinance or UXO continue to keep communities in about 70 countries, in economical, psychological, physical and social hostage. The threat of landmines has lead to devastating effects on communities as well as whole countries where for example agricultural production is only half of what it used to be.
The objective of this research is to cover the topic of landmines from different perspectives but the main focus is to compare agricultural production before the Bosnian War and after the war in the Municipality of Sanski Most which is located in the North-western part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The second objective is to look specifically at the small village of Sasina which is located within the Municipality and examine how the people in the village cope with the threat of landmines even when over a decade has passed since the end of the conflict.
The methodology of the study is based on field visits to the village of Sasina and interviews with villagers; use of appropriate literature and other resources which cover the subject of landmines, history of the Balkans, theories of war to mention a few. Part of the research involved statistical analysis of agricultural production as an attempt to conclude the economical affects of landmines on the municipality. The research compares as well the landmine context in Bosnia and Herzegovina to that of Afghanistan and Mozambique.
The study comes to the overall conclusion, that the economical situation is quite different among the three countries. Bosnia and Herzegovina is economically much further ahead and which makes a difference when it comes to economical survival of the communities and the threat of landmines, Un-Exploded Ordinance (UXO). The conclusion of the statistical analysis on agricultural production in the Municipality of Sanski Most shows that the absence of the Bosnian Serb ethnic group has far more economical affects than the threat of landmines. The landmine pollution in the village of Sasina does have economic affects on the inhabitants however there are other elements counter-affecting the impact. It was more a question of negative psychological and sociological affects rather then economical.

Birting
10.10.2008


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