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Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/3440


Turkey at the Gates? Inclusion and Exclusion at the National and Supranational Level in Europe


Citizenship, inclusion and exclusion are the themes at the basis of this thesis. It
asks whether supranational citizenship at the EU level is more open and inclusive
than national citizenship. This is explored by comparing Turkey’s quest for EU
membership to the access of Turkish guest workers in Germany to citizenship and
political rights. Muslims have historically been viewed as Other in Europe. As a
result Turkey’s EU accession bid radically tests the limits of belonging in Europe
and is ideal to study processes of inclusion and exclusion. Germany was chosen
to study corresponding processes at the national level because it is where the
largest Turkish diaspora, numbering over 2.5 million, resides. Some have
perceived of the EU as the future site of a new, more inclusive supranational
citizenship, which could remedy exclusion engendered by globalization. In this
thesis it is argued that this vision is, for a number of reasons, inconsistent with
reality. A comparison of the reception of Turkey in the EU and Turks in Germany
supports this argument. It reveals a number of parallels and that similar
exclusionary policies and discourses are pursued at the two levels of governance.


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