Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/4761
Human Security, Gender and Development: A Test-Case for Iceland’s Assistance Policy
The aim of this thesis is to seek an understanding of women’s human security in
developing countries, and to ask whether the human security concept as such can
live up to expectations as a practical guide to improving women’s lot. Iceland’s
stance on aid provision and its promotion of gender issues is also examined, to see
whether the country’s efforts are being directed to the right targets and for
maximum effect. The subject is approached by introducing a historical summary
of the rise of ‘human security’ thinking followed by a theoretical discussion of the
concept. This twofold introduction provides a clearer picture of the concept’s
utility and its limitations.
To see how different security threats may face women within developing
countries, the seven categories of human security defined in the 1994 UNDP
report are then used to give a non-exhaustive review of the problems. This
approach is then narrowed down to focus on Uganda as a test case. The results
show that there can be no human security without including the dimension of
gender, as gender equality is a precondition for human security. The review also
highlights that despite the concept’s limits for framing practical policies, it does
help in asking important questions.
Finally Iceland’s international development efforts are shown to have
increased considerably in recent years with many important steps taken to this
end. In the same manner Iceland is shown to have increased its emphasis on issues
of gender equality and women’s security, despite still having much to learn in this
and other aspects of aid. Many hopeful prospects are in sight for Iceland in future:
as a donor, a partner, and in terms of mutual learning about the true inter-linkages
of gender, security and development.
Ritgerðin er lokuð fram í janúar 2011.