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Nuclear Power Plants and Sustainability
Background Sustainability is one of the most important concepts of the future, while being major issue in fossil fuel driven electricity generation sector. Nuclear power plants do not emit large amounts of greenhouse gases, but are they any better than fossil-fueled power plants in terms of sustainability? This question is answered in this thesis by literature review.
Results Nuclear power plants can provide cheap electricity, with smaller amount of global problems than fossil-fueled power plants. In the future, as nuclear power plant technology is moving forward, more advanced technologies will be available. These new technologies will bring nuclear power plants close to sustainable electricity generation. However, nuclear power is not the solution to cover the electricity demand in long term. There are energy forms available, which are more sustainable, while problem lies in missing or too expensive technology.
Conclusion With only flawed options to provide electricity for the next hundred years, using nuclear power is the most sustainable path to fully sustainable world.
Sjálfbær orkuvísindi/REYST report 01-2011