Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/10181
The purpose of this dissertation is to discuss moral and ethical principles as a guideline for lawyers in their profession. Here will be considered the principle of strict confidentiality by presenting a definition of the expression, give a notion of the
principle's functionality; and an attempt will be made to expose the danger of strict confidentiality affecting moral and ethical principles.
This paper will summarize a collection of the various
contributions of the ancients to moral and ethics. The proposition is to present theories from different perspectives. For example, it shows the views of the well-known philosopher Plato on humbleness and sacrifice. From the Holy Scripture were selected passages regarding honesty, and the sense of purity of heart. The Chinese Philosopher Confucius contributes with a notable proverb quoted by many, and can be considered the best way of conducting one.s life. Subsequently, will be discussed the Aristotle.s teachings on virtue ethics based on his
idea that a virtuous person will always search to do what is good. Thereafter the idealistic sentence, “Honeste vivere, alterum non laedere, suum cuique tribuere” of the remarkable
Roman jurist Ulpian, will be fragmented and subsequently explained.
Another contribution will come from the Theory of Utilitarianism by discussing its main characteristic, “the greatest good for the greatest number”. Another subject of
discussion here is the deontological and retributive theories in light of the philosopher Immanuel Kant. After Kant, this paper presents a summarized overview throughout the
Icelandic Codex Ethicus, and a brief comparison with the American model. Likewise, it is intended to call the attention of legal professionals in thematter of professional- client
relationship by indicating the factual consequences of their actions, presenting the results of survey studies on the subject. At last, the author will share some experiences and
expectations as a law student; and at the conclusion, the whole discussion will be summarized.
Despite their differences, the theories presented may be very useful. They can guide lawyers to accept the importance, perhaps the necessity of keeping a moral standard in the professional sphere.