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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/11758

Title: 
  • Biodiesel potential in Iceland
Submitted: 
  • February 2009
Abstract: 
  • The importance of increasing the global share of biofuels in transportation goes without
    saying. Iceland, where the consumption of fossil fuels is considerable, has a viable
    potential for introducing biodiesel in its otherwise exceptional renewable overall energy
    portfolio.
    In this study, a full picture of the possibilities of biodiesel production in Iceland was
    provided. After the theoretical introduction of allmajor aspects of a biodiesel economy, an
    assessment of its applicability in Iceland was performed.
    A survey of potential feedstocks was performed. It was concluded that in a short term
    perspective, a small scale production (300-2,000 tons/yr) can be carried out using
    domestically available waste raw material, and fullscale production (15,000-80,000
    tons/yr) will depend on imported feedstock.
    After laboratory research, including waste vegetable oil (WVO), the main domestic
    feedstock currently available, the recommendation for the production process of a small
    production plant was made. It includes acid esterification of free fatty acids (FFA)
    followed by alkali transesterification and methanolrecovery from the reacted mixture. At
    this stage, distillation of crude FAME was suggested, however further research is
    necessary.
    The full scale production could substitute 8%-44% of the fossil diesel fuel needs for
    transportation and machinery. The estimated production costs in a full scale biodiesel
    plant, 0.63-0.76 EUR/L, are within the European average.

Description: 
  • is RES Master´s Thesis
    Verkefnið er unnið í tengslum við Háskóla Íslands og Háskólann á Akureyri
Accepted: 
  • May 21, 2012
URI: 
  • http://hdl.handle.net/1946/11758


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