Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/12969
By the end of the Cold War conflicts between ethnic groups became more visible, which demanded a new approach towards peace and security issues. Boutros Boutros Ghali, UN Secretary-General at the time, introduced the term peacebuilding in 1992, as an answer to the need for further involvement in post-conflict societies. Peacebuilding refers to various methods and strategies aimed at preventing conflicts. Unlike previous peace operations peacebuilding gets involved in domestic issues and tries to get to the roots of the causes. The concept of peacebuilding has gained widespread recognition and has become the most used peace operation in the 21st century.
The objective of my study is to examine the implementation of peacebuilding in Kosovo, through the eyes of the international actors, working in the country, by exploring their opinion. I will seek answers to questions like, how do the international organizations they work for operate? And do they think the implementation of peacebuilding has been successful?
The methodology of the study is based on three weeks fieldwork in Pristina, the capital of Kosovo, in July 2010. Methods used are semi-structured interviews and observation. The participants are seven international actors in Pristina as well as four former Icelandic peacekeepers in the Balkans. Literature and other resources, which cover subjects such as conflicts, peacebuilding and the history of the Balkans, were gathered and used as data.
This study comes to the overall conclusion that the international actors in Kosovo work in accordance with peacebuilding, for example, by establishing democracy and strengthening institutions. However, there is a lack of, for instance, communication and measurements; the strategies are not tailored to each case and creating multi-ethnic democracy has not been successful. As a result the peacebuilding process in Kosovo has been slow and not as successful as it could be.
Balkans, Yugoslavia, Kosovo, ethnic conflict, peacebuilding, international community, international organizations, development studies.