Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/14984
Cognitive linguistics team George Lakoff and Mark Johnson were the first to explore conceptual metaphors in an academic manner with their book "Metaphors we live by" in 1980. A decade later, Eve Sweetser expanded partly on their research by inspecting the
semantic development in English perception verbs. She maintains there to be a systematic link between their earlier, concrete meanings and the later, abstract senses. This thesis applies Sweetser’s theory in a comparative analysis by examining conceptual metaphors found in perception verbs in both English and Icelandic. The main objectives are to investigate whether the number of parallels found verifies the cross-linguistic claim, as well as inspecting the metaphorical scope initially proposed. In addition to a clarification of the relevant linguistic terms, the etymology of the perception verbs is reviewed. The thesis moreover examines the metaphorical theory in a wider, cross-linguistic context. Comparable studies in other languages are discussed, exploring how cultural circumstances can further affect human cognition. The metaphorical analysis illustrates a prominent association between the two languages, as they both show a high number of analogous conceptual metaphors, supporting the semantic development within Indo-European languages. While comparable studies in other languages illustrate some inconsistency in the theory, recent studies display that the complex interaction between the human mind and cultural aspects account for such discrepancies. It is consequently apparent that much is yet to discover how that intricate relationship affects our cognition.