Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/15128
Whether or not socially desirable responding (SDR) is a cause for concern in personality assessment has long been debated. For many researchers, McCrae and Costa (1983) laid the issue to rest when they showed that correcting for SDR in self-reports did not improve the agreement with spouse ratings on the NEO Personality Inventory. However, their findings rest on the assumption that observer ratings in general, and spouse ratings in particular, are an unbiased external criterion. If spouse ratings are also susceptible to SDR, correcting for the bias in both self-reports and spouse ratings might be necessary to enhance the validity of personality measures. In the present study, McCrae and Costa’s influential study was replicated with the exception of correcting for SDR, measured with the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale, in both self-reports and spouse ratings. Analyses were based on responses from 63 couples who had lived together for at least six months. The results showed that correcting for SDR in both self-reports and spouse ratings increased their agreement on most traits. Thus indicating, contrary to McCrae and Costa’s conclusion, that SDR does affect the validity of personality measures and that SDR scales can be used to rectify the problem.
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