Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/16609
There is a growing body of literature indicating that family caregivers of cancer patients have high levels of distress and might even be more distressed than the patients. Little is known about factors that might contribute to distress among caregivers but in order to design effective interventions it is critical to identify these factors. Guided by the social processing model (SCP) the present study examined if social constraints on emotional expression about cancer would be associated with higher levels of general distress and intrusive thoughts about the cancer. Forty-two spouses of men with prostate cancer participated completed several questionnaires at one time-point. The results revealed that the spouses had significantly higher levels of intrusive thoughts about cancer and general distress, and they perceived higher levels of social constraints. Among the spouses social constraints were positively related to intrusive thoughts about cancer and this relationship was partially mediated by avoidance of cancer related issues and concerns. Social constraints were also negatively related to general distress but this relationship was not mediated by avoidance. The results suggest that intervention aimed at lowering social constraints in expressing emotions among cancer patients may be effective in lowering distress and improving quality of life among caregivers of cancer patient.