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Thesis (Master's)

University of Iceland > Þverfræðilegt nám > Umhverfis- og auðlindafræði >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/1946/18331

Title: 
  • Simulation Based Grid Energy Storage Optimization to Enhance Renewable Energy Storage in Iceland
Degree: 
  • Master's
Abstract: 
  • Renewable energy resources are contributing evermore to the generation mix worldwide, however, expanding grids in size and complexity have given rise to unforeseen complications such as frequency oscillations, voltage sags and spikes, and power outages. In 2013, nearly 100% of electricity generation in Iceland was from hydropower and geothermal sources; there is also high potential for wind and tidal energy, both options are being explored and would benefit from additional technologies to manage fluctuations and store energy surplus. Landsnet hf. is the sole transmission system operator (TSO) responsible for energy balance in Iceland. On the consumer side, load variations represent difficulties for utilities to meet ever-changing demand. Research indicates high-capacity electricity energy storage (EES) has the potential to be economically beneficial as well as carbon neutral, all while improving power and voltage quality, peak- shaving, reducing the number of grid failures and smoothing out natural fluctuations in renewable energy (RE) sources. Two complex resource deployment scenarios are modeled using GridCommandTM Distribution: (1) large-scale EES at the transmission level, and (2) small-scale community energy storage at the residential level. These scenarios are demonstrated to behave harmoniously in the Icelandic power system. Results reveal 10 MWh capacity battery EES at a density of 60% in the transmission model provides optimal performance conditions. The residential model requires a lower EES density of 30% using 45 kWh capacity batteries. Optimal conditions are defined by EES performance metrics, and signify improvements in power quality, energy balance, and peak-shaving when electricity demand is at its highest. EES technologies are presented and tested at different locations across the Icelandic grid to predict which solutions are best for the future development of the electricity system. The role of EES integration into Iceland’s electricity grid has been explored with primary focus on improving energy efficiency, grid optimization, transmission and distribution control, and maintaining infrastructure.

Accepted: 
  • May 20, 2014
URI: 
  • http://hdl.handle.net/1946/18331


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Note: Full Master of Science thesis awaiting Icelandic translation.