Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/18655
Images are mental representations in consciousness with sensory qualities. In recent years research on imagery has increased, and more attention is being paid to imagery in mental disorders. In this conceptual review two disorders will be examined and compared in terms of imagery and how appraisals of images and the reactions to them may contribute to maintaining the disorders. Social anxiety disorder (SAD) and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) are both characterized by fear of negative evaluation which seems to stem from perceiving the self as flawed. The main similarity seems to be that images in both disorders are appraised in a similar, maladaptive way and prompt behaviors meant to reduce anxiety. Patients set unrealistically high standards for themselves and failing to live up to them is considered disastrous. In addition, patients tend to see themselves from an observer’s perspective in their images, causing detachment and feelings of helplessness in dealing with situations. The main differences seem to be that in BDD the images center around particular parts of the body, while in SAD the anxiety is directed at how the person appears to others in social situations. However one might argue that these differences are exaggerated as the core fear of both disorders is that perceived flaws will be noticed. We discuss these similarities and differences with reference to Moscovitch’s (2009) model of SAD. More research is needed in order to fully comprehend the concept of imagery and how images help maintain these two disorders.
|The Appraisal of Images in Social Anxiety Disorder and Body Dysmorphic Disorder.pdf||279.6 kB||Opinn||Heildartexti||Skoða/Opna|