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Thesis (Bachelor's)

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/18837

Title: 
  • Title is in Icelandic Hljómafl : ávinningur - upplifun - viðhorf - notagildi
  • Hljómafl : gain - perspective - experience - practicality
Degree: 
  • Bachelor's
Abstract: 
  • Abstract is in Icelandic

    Geðrof er ástand þar sem tengsl einstaklingsins við raunveruleikann rofna sem hefur neikvæð áhrif á samfélagslega virkni og lífsgæði. Einkennin eru meðal annars ranghugmyndir og ofskynjanir. Afleiðingar einkenna geta verið einmanaleiki og félagsleg einangrun og vanhæfni til að takast á við daglegar athafnir, en liður í endurhæfingunni snýr meðal annars að því að rjúfa félagslega einangrun. Eftir því sem einstaklingar eru lengur í geðrofsástandi því minni líkur eru á bata, því er snemmgreining mikilvæg til að veita viðeigandi meðferð og draga úr framgangi einkenna.
    Tilgangur rannsóknarinnar var að kanna áhrif og ávinning tónlistarverkefnisins HLJÓMAFLS á þá sem tekið hafa þátt í verkefninu. Einnig var leitast við að dýpka skilning á geðrofssjúkdómum og áhrifum þeirra á einstaklinga.
    Rannsóknin var gerð með eigindlegri rannsóknaraðferð þar sem sex viðtöl voru tekin við þátttakendur tónlistarverkefnisins HLJÓMAFLS. Notast var við þægindarúrtak og unnið úr gögnum samkvæmt 12 þrepa ferli Vancouver-skólans.
    Helstu niðurstöður rannsóknarinnar bentu til að tónlistarverkefnið hefði haft áhrif á félagsleg tengsl á þann hátt að betri tenging náðist við umhverfið og samfélagið sem leiddi til fjölþættari félagslegra samskipta. Þátttakendur fundu sig í nýjum hlutverkum og upplifðu gefandi samskipti í kjölfarið. Sjálfsmynd styrktist og öðluðust þátttakendur aukna trú á eigin getu með aukinni von um bata. Starfsemi HLJÓMAFLS þótti hafa eflandi áhrif á sjálfsmynd sem leiddi til sköpunarkrafts og þróunar á ýmsum hæfileikum. Ný sýn öðlaðist á tónlist sem áhugamál. Hún var notuð til tjáningar og útrásar og var henni lýst sem styðjandi meðferðaraðila sem ávallt sé til staðar.
    Þátttakendur voru þakklátir fyrir að fá tækifæri til að taka þátt í HLJÓMAFLI og sáttir við þessa nýjung í endurhæfingu ungra einstaklinga með geðrofssjúkdóma.
    Lykilhugtök: Valdefling, sjálfsmynd, tónlist, samskipti, von. 

  • What Are the Effects of the Musical-Project, HLJÓMAFL, in the Treatment and Rehabilitation of Young Individuals With Psychosomatic Diseases – Gain, Perspective, Experience and Practicality?
    Psychosis is a state where the individual´s connection to reality is disrupted which effects his social skills and standard of living. Among its symptoms are delusions and hallucinations. These symptom´s side-effects can be loneliness, social isolation, and difficulty in coping with certain aspects of daily life. One method of treatment deals with breaking the social isolation. The longer an individual experiences non-disruptive psychosis the worse the recovery-rate becomes, which underscores the importance of early detection and diagnosis, and an appropriate treatment to reduce onset of symptoms. The aim of the study was to explore the effects and gains that the musical-project, HLJÓMAFL, had on those who participated in the program. Furthermore, there was an attempt to enhance the understanding of psychosomatic diseases and their effects.
    The study was conducted with a qualitative method where six interviews were taken with the participants of HLJÓMAFL. The study group was convenience sample and the data processed according to the Vancouver-school´s 12 step research process.
    The study‘s data strongly suggest that the musical-project had had an impact on social bonding, and in a way that a better and more stable connection was made to the environment and the community, which in turn lead to more diverse social interaction. Participants found themselves in new social roles and experienced rewarding social interaction in the process. Their self-identity strenghtened; the participants gained a greater belief in their own abilities and their hopes for recovery increased substantually. Results strongly indicated that HLJÓMAFL‘s program had a bolstering effect on self-image which increased creativity and development of various skills and talents. Participants gained new perspectives and a deeper appreciation of music. Music‘s purpose was to express oneself and vent. Music was described as being the supporting member of the therapy that was always present.
    Participants were greatful for the oppertunity to partake in the HLJÓMAFL‘s program and pleased with this new approach in the rehabilitation and treatment of psychosomatic diseases.
    Key concepts: empowerment, identity, music, communication, hope. 

Description: 
  • Description is in Icelandic Læst til 1.6.2015
Accepted: 
  • Jun 16, 2014
URI: 
  • http://hdl.handle.net/1946/18837


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