Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/19374
Changes in the Arctic environment in the last decades are highly relevant to understanding changes in the socio-economic development in the Arctic. The main focus of this thesis will be on those changes, with a certain concentration on the changes in relation to Greenland. The thesis starts out by providing an overview of the physical and historical background of Greenland, followed by an overview of the economy of Greenland and a discussion of the obstacles for economic development. With Self-Government, Greenland is looking for new sources of income. The importance of the mineral sector has grown as it begins to show its potential as this new source. Case studies of four different mines, in three different countries, along with large scale projects in four different countries will be analysed and compared. Two of the mines are in Greenland, the Maarmorilik mine (closed operation in 1990) and the ISUA Iron Ore mine (that has not started operating yet). The other two mines are the Mir mine in Russia (closed operation in 2001) and the Red Dog mine in Alaska, which is still operating. The other case studies are the Eastern Siberia-Pacific Ocean Pipeline in Russia, The Snøhvit (Snow white) gas field in Norway, Kárahnjúkar hydro power and Alcoa Fjarðarál in Iceland and the Ekati diamond mine in Canada. These case studies will be analysed and discussed to gain a better understanding of the impacts that large scale resource exploitation have on their environment and the surrounding society, with the goal to gain knowledge about best practices.
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