Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/19597
Within the context of Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) and Sustainable Development, the use of indicators to measure sustainability in coastal communities has garnered increasing interest. However, on a local level indicator use is often restricted to one-time applications or project duration, and they are rarely used by coastal municipalities due to their lack of direct and clearly visible benefits. A combination with a certification scheme such as the QualityCoast Award is hoped to add value and increase incentives for coastal communities. Hence, within the scope of this thesis the QualityCoast indicators’ potential to measure sustainability and climate change adaptation was assessed. A self-assessment tool based on the SUSTAIN methodology and QualityCoast indicators was developed and applied to three distinct points in time (1980, 2000 and 2013) for the seaside resort Markgrafenheide in Germany. A coastal protection and realignment scheme implemented in the study area built the basis for the analysis of the ways in which major changes are reflected in the results and to what extent coastal communities can improve their sustainability scores through appropriate measures. It was found that the scheme was reflected only limitedly in the indicator scores and that many indicators were outside the sphere of influence of the community. Identified reasons for this include the lack of suitable indicators in the QualityCoast indicator set to reflect climate change adaptation and nature restoration, as well as lacking benchmarks and weights. Furthermore, the large number of policy indicators and qualitative nature of indicators was found to be problematic. Finally, additional indicators and methodological changes for the aggregation and weighting of indicators are suggested, and trade-offs between local specificity and large-scale comparison discussed.