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Agricultural University of Iceland > Rafræn tímarit > Búvísindi = Icelandic agricultural sciences >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/19712

Title: 
  • Late blight Phytophtora infestans (Mont.) de Bary resistance evaluation in ten Lithuanian potato cultivars
Published: 
  • 2013
Abstract: 
  • Potato blight, caused by the Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) de Bary, is one of the most devastating potato diseases (Schepers 2000), causing serious problems in countries with high relative humidity, cool nights and warm days in summer. Damaged potato foliage reduces the assimilation surface which results in reduced yield. Resistance to the blight is controlled by major R genes and an unknown number of genes expressing quantitative parameters of the resistance (Lara et al. 2006). Solanum demissum is characterized by the highest efficiency of polygenes (Ballvora et al. 2012). Resistance of potato varieties to P. Infestans is one of the most important breeding objectives. Potato varieties relatively resistant to P. infestans have been developed, but their resistance may weaken due to changes in pathogen race composition. Furthermore, as only a limited gene pool is used for breeding for potato blight resistance, the disease can affect large groups of varieties at the same time in different years. According to Hansen et al. (2005), in Europe, varieties initially classified as resistant are being severely infected by the disease as a result of shifts in pathogen populations.

Citation: 
  • Icelandic agricultural sciences 26, 45-48
ISSN: 
  • 1670-567x
Accepted: 
  • Sep 11, 2014
URI: 
  • http://hdl.handle.net/1946/19712


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