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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/21531

Title: 
  • is Ofþjálfun meðal íslenskra ungmenna í íþróttum. Spurningalisti til þjálfara og sjúkraþjálfara varðandi tíðni, skilgreiningar og mælitæki
  • Overtraining syndrome in adolescent atheletes in Iceland. Questionnaire for coaches and physical therapists regarding frequency, definitions and measurements
Submitted: 
  • May 2015
Abstract: 
  • is

    Markmið könnunar var að skoða hvort þjálfarar og sjúkraþjálfarar telji ofþjálfun hafa verið klínískt vandamál meðal ungmenna (13-18 ára) í íþróttum á Íslandi síðustu 12 mánuði og þá hver tíðni væri. Sambærileg könnun hefur ekki verið framkvæmd hér á landi áður. Höfundar settu saman skilgreiningu á ofþjálfun út frá fræðunum og þátttakendur svöruðu samkvæmt þeirri skilgreiningu. Markmið var einnig að sjá hvort þátttakendur væru sammála skilgreiningu höfunda á ofþjálfun og hvort þeir hefðu mælitæki og þekkingu til að meta ofþjálfun. Tveir spurningalistar voru búnir til af höfundum út frá gagnreyndri þekkingu. Annar var lagður fyrir þjálfara sem þjálfa fimleika, frjálsar, handknattleik, knattspyrnu og sund. Þar var svarhlutfall 44,7%. Hinn var lagður fyrir sjúkraþjálfara á verktakaskrá Félags sjúkraþjálfara. Þar var svarhlutfall 52,8%. Spurningalistarnir voru á rafrænu formi. Helstu niðurstöður þessarar könnunar eru að ofþjálfun meðal íslenskra ungmenna er klínískt vandamál a.m.k. að mati sjúkraþjálfara og þjálfara. Sjúkraþjálfarar meta tíðnina á bilinu 1-20% á meðan þjálfarar meta tíðnina 0-10%. Meirihluti þátttakenda (92% þjálfara og 86,9% sjúkraþjálfara) var sammála skilgreiningu höfunda á ofþjálfun. Rúmlega helmingur þjálfara (51,1%) en rúmlega þriðjungur sjúkraþjálfara (33,7%) telja sig hafa þekkingu og mælitæki til að meta ofþjálfun. Meirihluti þátttakenda (83,5% þjálfara og 95,0% sjúkraþjálfara) telur fræðslu og fovarnarstarf á ofþjálfun vera ábótavant. Ályktað er að ofþjálfun sé klínískt vandamál meðal ungmenna í íþróttum á Íslandi og undirstrikar það nauðsyn þess að efla forvarnir og fræðslu í þessum efnum meðal iðkenda, foreldra, þjálfara og sjúkraþjálfara.

  • The aim of the survey was to identify if coaches and physiotherapists consider overtraining syndrome to be a clinical problem among 13-18 year-old Icelandic athletes over the last 12 months and furthermore to evaluate the frequency of the problem. Comparable study has not been conducted in Iceland before. The authors formed a definition of overtraining syndrome based on the literature. The participants answered the questionnaire according to the definition. Secondary aim of the study was to investigate if the participants agreed with the definition put forward by the authors. Furthermore, another secondary aim was to see if the participants had the proper measurement and knowledge to evaluate overtraining syndrome. Two internet questionnaires were designed by the authors using evidence-based knowledge. Gymnastic-, athletic-, handball-, football- and swimming coaches were given one of the questionnaires which had a response rate of 44.7%. The second questionnaire was handed to a group of independent physiotherapists. All of the physiotherapists were registered members of The Icelandic Physiotherapy Association (Félag sjúkraþjálfara). The response rate from the physiotherapists was 52.8%. Based on the evaluation of coaches and physiotherapists, the main results from the survey indicate that overtraining syndrome is a clinical problem. Physiotherapists evaluate the frequency to be 1-20% while the coaches evaluate it to be 0-10% of the teenage athletes, respectively. The majority of the participants (92.0% of the coaches and 86.9% of the physiotherapists) agreed with the definition put forward by the authors. Over half of the coaches questioned (51.1%) claimed they have proper measurements and consider themselves to be qualified to evaluate overtraining syndrome, but 33.7% of physiotherapists do. The majority of the participants (83.5% of the coaches and 95.0% of the physiotherapists) consider education and preventive measures to be inadequate. Overtraining syndrome is assumed to be a clinical problem among young Icelandic athletes. These results indicate the need to educate the athletes along with their parents, coaches and physiotherapists about overtraining.

Accepted: 
  • May 15, 2015
URI: 
  • http://hdl.handle.net/1946/21531


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