Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/21853
The Reading the mind in the eyes (RME) test has gained popularity as a measure of theory of mind. In this study we examine how it relates to social communication skills as well as previously undocumented relationship with dyslexia. The objective of Study 1 was to translate the RME test to Icelandic and explore it’s item structure and correlation to reading habits. In Study 2 we further examined the relation between dyslexia and social communication skills, aiming to establish whether or not dyslexics have impaired social skills compared to non-dyslexics. We hypothesized that they do, based on a recent study revealing impaired recognition of faces in dyslexics. In Study 1, 74 undergraduate students completed an Icelandic version of the RME test, as well as answering questions about reading habits. Results showed a positive correlation between self-reports of relative amount of reading compared to peers, and score on the RME test. Further, a negative correlation between relative amount of listening to non-fictional audiobooks and score on the RME test was established. In Study 2, we therefore assessed 639 participants‘ self-reported dyslexia, performance on the RME test, and social communication skills. Our results show that people with dyslexia score lower than non-dyslexics on the RME test, and have impaired social communication skills compared to non-dyslexics. We hypothesize that this stems from dyslexia and social communication skills having common neurological grounds. Further work is needed to clarify the generalizability of our results.
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