Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/24020
This doctoral study provides a theoretical foundation for disaster-related management systems dealing with natural disasters. The three main components of a management system are an organization, its objectives, and the procedures needed to meet these objectives. The term organization in this study refers to entities that deal with societal disruptions from a broad-based perspective, such as ministries and governmental institutions, which collaborate with and coordinate numerous and diverse stakeholders. The study theoretically derives disaster-related objectives and procedures associated with this perspective.
The research has four aims: (1) to develop a disaster-related goal and core objectives to reach it; (2) to outline dynamic relationships between the core disaster-related objectives; (3) to design a method for the core objectives to be in accordance with the S.M.A.R.T. criteria (specific, measureable, assignable, realistic, and time-related); and (4) to create links between stakeholders’ daily objectives and disaster-related objectives. The term disaster-function is introduced to denote a management function aimed to reach a disaster-related objective. The term disaster-function management denotes the management of all the disaster functions. The results are a set of management tools for addressing disaster-related problems from a broad-based perspective. The concept and tools of disaster-function management strengthen the link between disaster-related management and conventional project management, easing the application of project management tools in disaster-related management.
The theoretical basis of the work is comprised of management, engineering, and disaster-related, methodology and principles. The principle of management–by– objectives, the S.M.A.R.T. criteria, and the sustainable livelihood framework are used to characterize good management. Loss estimation methodology is used to incorporate a risk-based approach into the procedures developed in this study. A system dynamics approach is used to clarify relationships between objectives and provides variables for connecting engineering information with the objectives. The original disaster life cycle is the point of departure for developing disaster-related objectives.
The study uses the following circumstances as sources for management and engineering data for developing ideas and examples: (i) the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption in South Iceland; (ii) the 2010 Haiti earthquake; and (iii) current conditions within the Kárahnjúkar Power Plant in East Iceland that create a low, but complicated risk of a small-scale disaster: dam failure due to seismic activity or due to volcanic eruption under the Vatnajökull glacier causing increased water discharge in the river above the dam, and leading to floods in farmlands below.
|Dissertation Sólveig Thorvaldsdóttir .pdf||10.84 MB||Opinn||Heildartexti||Skoða/Opna|