Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/24676
Cognitive Reactivity (CR) is the extent to which an individual experiences a negative shift in cognitive content and processes during a sad mood. CR has been hypothesized as a risk factor for depression onset and/or recurrence, and literature suggests that there is a difference in CR magnitude between euthymic formerly-depressed (FD) and never-depressed (ND) participants in an experimental session. In addition, a number of studies have assessed whether CR is predictive of depressive relapse. The current analysis aimed to summarize the results of studies on CR in adults and attempt to explain the variance that exists in the available research. Analyzing k=23 studies the analysis found a significant difference between FD and ND groups in CR (Hedges g=0.566), where the results were moderated by how CR was measured and by the methodological quality of the study. A second analysis of k=7 studies found that CR is predictive of depressive relapse (Hedges g=0.320) but the low number of studies that have researched this limits this analysis. Overall the results provide further evidence of CR as a risk factor for both depression onset and recurrence.