Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/24747
Home and neighbourhood environment and parents’ well-being are among factors that affect children’s development in the first years of life. That can in turn have a major impact on important outcomes later on. The New Fathers and Mothers Study, a longitudinal study on origins of early individual differences in self-regulation carried out at the University of Cambridge, explores this topic among others. The current study is based on data from 190 families taking part in the New Fathers and Mothers Study, all containing a father, mother and their first born. It had four aims: (1) to examine the inter-rater reliability of the Windshield Survey, a recent 12 item measurement on children’s home and neighbourhood environment consisting of three subscales; (2) to examine the internal consistency of the scale; (3) to assess the validity of the scale by examining its structure and associations with socioeconomic status, stimulation in the home, parental depression and early indicators of children’s development; (4) to examine if early indicators of children’s development are predicted by any of the above mentioned variables. The results supported the reliability and validity of the Windshield Survey to some extent. The inter-rater reliability was not satisfactory for some items when preliminary analyses were done after 74 families had been seen, so further researcher training was implemented which improved the reliability for most items. The internal consistency was satisfactory (α > .70) for one subscale out of three. Inadequate reliability can be explained by a lack of variability for some items. The structure of the scale represented the three subscales fairly well and a number of correlations between the Windshield Survey subscales and other study variables emerged that supported the construct validity of the scale. Further examination is needed for predictors of children’s development as very few associations emerged between children’s development and other study variables. A possible explanation is that the measurements on children’s development in this study were only preliminary.