Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/2505
The problem that necessities the current research is water crisis resulting in a rapidly increasing demand for water and in upstream- downstream conflicts of interests, increasing of poverty, water-related diseases, degraded and often dangerous environment. Given above factors together with water scarcity lead to disputes between states, often resulting in violent conflicts.
Fresh water is an increasingly scarce resource, particularly when viewed against the backdrop of the growing global population, changing of water technologies, and the prospect of global climate change. According to the World Water Development Report prepared by the United Nations (hereinafter UN) World Water Assessment Program (WWAP), by 2015 nearly 40 per cent of the world’s population is expected to live in water-stressed countries.
Better access to better-managed water resources can make a big contribution towards solving the conflicts over allocations of water resources between stakeholders, towards poverty eradication, and improvements of health, quality of life and protection of the environment.