Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/25718
Background: Trust is considered a key element in social interactions and has been defined in many ways in the literature. Distrust on the other hand has been argued to be the opposite feeling of trust. Deficits in decision-making and interpersonal difficulties are common in individuals with mental illnesses such as depression and addiction and have been measured through economical games. The current study used the distrust game, as a proxy for trust, to assess distrust in a student sample that scores above a cut-off score on psychological questionnaires measuring depression and alcohol abuse. We hypothesized that individuals with more depressive symptoms show more distrust than individuals with less depressive symptoms, and that there is an association between alcohol abuse and distrust.
Method: Participants (N=196) played the distrust game measuring distrust towards an unknown participant. Participants completed the DASS, PHQ9, BSU and questions based on the AUDIT scale.
Results: Participants with more depressive symptoms showed significantly more distrust than participants with less depressive symptoms. No significant association was found between scores on the AUDIT and the distrust game.
Conclusions: Individuals with more depressive symptoms distrust more than individuals with less depressive symptoms when playing against an unknown individual. Alcohol abuse was not correlated with scoring in the distrust game. Lack of association between alcohol abuse and distrust could be due to the age of the sample. Prior results indicate that for alcohol abuse to influence decision-making it must have taken place in adolescence rather than adulthood.
Keywords: trust, distrust, distrust game, behavioral economics, depression, alcohol abuse