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Háskólinn í Reykjavík > Samfélagssvið / School of Social Sciences > MSc Viðskiptadeild / Department of Business Administration >

Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/25729

Titill: 
  • Titill er á ensku Comparison of the effects of short interventions on enhancement of physical activity and symptoms of depression and anxiety
Námsstig: 
  • Meistara
Útdráttur: 
  • Útdráttur er á ensku

    Background: Physical activity has been shown to reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety. The aim of this research was to investigate effects of a short exercise program on symptoms of depression and anxiety. It was assessed whether different types of recommendations about physical activity and support from professional would enhance physical activity and improve mood. Method: Participants (N=19) were recruited at Landspitali-The National University Hospital of Iceland. Participants were randomized into three groups: A) verbal recommendations about physical activity, B) verbal and written recommendations as well as an exercise program, C) verbal and written recommendations and assistance from a sport scientist while exercising according to the program. Information about mental health was gathered by self-report of depression (PHQ-9), anxiety (GAD-7), and quality of life (QOLS). Participants made general assessments of mood and physical activity was assessed by pedometers for three periods of 5 days each in a single subject A-B-A reversal experimental design. Results: For groups A and B intervention did not result in a higher step count. Step count increased during intervention phase of exercising with assistance from a sport scientist. General assessment of mood and symptoms of depression and anxiety decreased independent of experimental groups, however with some indication of physical activity having positive effect on mood. Conclusions: Physical activity of patients with depression and anxiety can be enhanced with support from a professional, verbal and written recommendations don’t seem to enhance physical activity. Exercising for as little as five days may positively affect mood.

Samþykkt: 
  • 16.8.2016
URI: 
  • http://hdl.handle.net/1946/25729


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