Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/28947
The Congo Wars from 1996-2003 are known as the deadliest wars since World War II. Several attempts have been made to analyse the causes of the two Congo Wars with different theoretical aspects, however, few attempts have been made to explain and analyse the nature of the wars in the Congo from 1996-2003. The aim of this research was to test Mary Kaldor’s theory of “new and old wars” on the case of the Congo Wars 1996-2003. The central argument of Kaldor’s theory is that during the last decade of the twentieth century, organised violence and warfare changed dramatically vis-à-vis actors, aims, economy, and victims. In this thesis, I conduct a single case study analysis, and I find that in accordance with Kaldor’s theory, we do see in the case of the Congo Wars a new set of actors, new aims, new war economy, and new systematically targeted victims. I analyse the nature of the wars and place special emphasis on explaining the actors, aims, economy, and victims. My hope is that this research deepens discussions of warfare in the twenty-first century and helps policy makers develop their responses to this new type of warfare.
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