Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/30057
Due to the great rise of mass media, people today are exposed to news regarding terrorist attacks more or less daily. Needless to say, terrorist organizations such as Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and Al-Qaeda are well known today and acknowledged by the media as well as the citizens. Terrorists thrive on mass media and use it to achieve their sought after goals. With the great technological developments, terrorists are now able to distribute their messages and propaganda internationally, achieve worldwide recognition and reach out to a vast audience. There are several ways terrorist organizations exploit mass media and the internet for their own agenda. With access to the internet, terrorists are able to spread fear and propaganda easier than ever before, as well as broadcast their own videos. Today, terrorists are able to broadcast their own content and the audiences are therefore no longer receiving information or images as a third party, i.e. from the media. However, terrorist organizations depend on the mass media to reach a wider audience and generate fear. Consequently, this thesis will explore the terrorists’ motivation for exploiting the mass media to their benefits, specifically western mass media. Communication theories such as Uses and Gratification, Agenda-Setting theory and Cultivation theory will be brought into play to understand how terrorists exploit mass media and the relationship between mass media and terrorists with an emphasis on the influence of the audiences.
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