Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/30221
Since the end of the Second World War, International Development has become one of the most dominant ideas of the twentieth century with its goal to encourage positive change in the so called ‘Third World’ or ‘global South’. Anthropologists have been involved in international development since it was established in the 1950s, both in theory and practice, but have found it difficult to agree on the discipline’s professional and intellectual relationship with it and this has been an ongoing debate within the field. In this thesis, the relationship between international development and anthropology will be examined. First, a historical overview of development and its theories will be laid out and the ideologies through which it was constructed. Anthropology’s beginnings as a discipline will also be considered and how it later informed some core ideas of development. Anthropologists’ involvement in development will be explained and how it has divided the discipline into two sub-disciplines, based on very different theoretical orientations. Then, the influential post-development critique that was dominant during the late 1980s and 1990s in anthropology will be introduced as well as its theoretical foundations and the historical circumstances it was born into. The work of Arturo Escobar and James Ferguson will be presented and how it has influenced the discipline. Then, will be demonstrated how development has been treated within anthropology since the turn of the millennia and the work of anthropologists that have tried to move beyond the post-development critique as well as the suggested alternatives that have been presented. Lastly, a brief discussion of new challenges that the world of development and anthropology of development face with a changing global scene will conclude the thesis.
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