Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/30646
Several factors have been identified that appear to either ameliorate or exacerbate the repercussions of childhood sexual abuse. Some of these factors, including parental emotional reactions and parental support, need further examination before any firm conclusions regarding their effects on child functioning can be drawn. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between parental emotional reactions and children’s internalizing symptoms following sexual abuse on one hand and between parental abuse-specific support and children’s internalizing symptoms following sexual abuse on the other. Participants included 42 dyads of treatment-referred children and their mothers. Maternal emotional reactions were estimated using the Parent Emotional Reactions Questionnaire (PERQ) and the Parent Support Questionnaire (PSQ) was used to evaluate maternal abuse-specific support. Children’s internalizing symptoms were measured using the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC), the Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI) or the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21), and the UCLA-Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index for DSM-IV (UCLA-PTSD RI). The results indicated that maternal emotional reactions were not significantly related to depressive, post-traumatic or anxiety symptoms, which is consistent with some prior studies relying on children’s report of their symptomatology. Conversely, positive, albeit weak, relationships were found between maternal support and children’s depressive symptoms and post-traumatic stress symptoms, whereas no statistically significant relationship was found between maternal support and children’s anxiety symptoms. Overall, these findings are inconsistent with most prior studies that have either found an inverse, albeit weak, or a non-significant relationship between parental support and children’s symptoms. Implications of these findings and future suggestions for research and clinical practice are discussed.
Key words: child sexual abuse, parental emotional reaction, parental abuse-specific support.
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