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Thesis (Bachelor's)

Reykjavík University > Samfélagssvið / School of Social Sciences > BSc Viðskiptadeild (og BSc sálfræði -2019) / Department of Business Administration >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/30686

Title: 
  • Aggression among adolescents: The role of religiosity, spirituality and parental and peer religion
Degree: 
  • Bachelor's
Abstract: 
  • The study looked at religion, spirituality and parental and peer religion in relations to aggression among adolescents. Religion is defined as the attitude and participation in religious activities while spirituality is more internal and focuses on spiritual well-being and peace. Parental and peer religion (PPR) is defined as the religiosity of those around the adolescent. Previous research has shown religion and spirituality to decrease delinquent behavior such as aggression. In this study, the relationship between religion, spirituality, PPR and aggression was examined with the possible effect of anger and conflict in family life, as well as social support and gender, which were controlled for. The data were collected by submitting a questionnaire for a large sample of Icelandic students (n = 2041) from the age of 12-18 years old (M = 14.6). Logistic regression was used to analyse the data. Neither religion, spirituality or PPR were significant in decreasing the likelihood of aggression, but a t-test concluded that those who had more spirituality or PPR were not aggressive. Furthermore, anger was not found to be a moderator on the relationship, however, an interaction effect was found with spirituality and PPR decreasing the likelihood of aggression. The findings were in line with previous research.
    Keywords: adolescents, religion, spirituality, parental/peer religiosity, anger, aggression, family conflict, social support

  • Abstract is in Icelandic

    Rannsóknin skoðaði trú, andlega viðleitni og trú foreldra og vina í sambandi við ofbeldi hjá unglingum. Trú er skilgreind sem viðhorf og þátttaka í trúarlegri starfsemi á meðan andleg viðleitni er meira innra með okkur og einblínir á andlega vellíðan og frið. Trú foreldra og vina (PPR) er skilgreind sem trú þeirra sem umgangast unglinginn. Fyrri rannsóknir hafa sýnt að trú og andleg viðleitni minnki afbrotahegðun eins og ofbeldi. Í þessari rannsókn var samband trúar, andlegrar viðleitni, PPR og ofbeldis skoðuð með mögulegum áhrifum reiðis og átaka innan fjölskyldu, sem og félagsstuðning og kyn, sem stjórnað var fyrir. Gögnum var safnað með fyrirlögn spurningalista fyrir stórt íslenskt úrtak af Íslenskum nemendum (n = 2041) á aldrinum 12-18 ára (M = 14.6). Tvíundargreining var framkvæmd til að greina gögnin. Hvorki trú, andleg viðleitni eða PPR dró marktækt úr líkum ofbeldis, en t-próf sýndi að þeir sem voru með meiri andlega viðleitni eða PPR voru ekki ofbeldisfullir. Þar að auki var reiði ekki stjórnandi þáttur á sambandið, þó fundust samvirknihrif andlegar viðleitni og PPR í að minnka líkur á ofbeldi. Niðurstöðurnar voru í samræmi við fyrri rannsóknir.
    Lykilorð: unglingar, trú, andleg viðleitni, trú foreldra og vina, reiði, ofbeldi, fjölskylduátök, félagsstuðningur

Accepted: 
  • Jun 7, 2018
URI: 
  • http://hdl.handle.net/1946/30686


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