Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/31251
A number of studies have suggested that subjective memory complaints (SMCs), measured by self-report questionnaires, are associated with objective cognitive performance. Other studies have reported that SMCs are associated with various lifestyle, and vascular risk factors, and psychological distress. Currently, no Icelandic standardized self-report questionnaire on SMCs exists. The aim of the study was to translate a nine-item SMCs questionnaire into Icelandic and assess its relationship to objective cognitive performance, in community-dwelling older adults. Another goal was to assess the relationship between SMCs and lifestyle, and vascular risk factors, and between SMCs and psychological distress. A cross-sectional study was performed. Ninety-eight healthy community-dwelling older adults were recruited for the study. Data were collected on demographics and the following factors: hypertension, diabetes, smoking, obesity, and level of exercise. Participants were administered the translated SMCs questionnaire and the Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination (ACE). Additionally, participants completed the Patient Health Questionnaire - 9 and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder - 7. The results showed that the relationship between SMCs and objective memory performance was insignificant. Anxiety and obesity were positively associated with SMCs, while diabetes was negatively associated with SMCs. Depression, hypertension, smoking, and level of exercise were not associated with SMCs. The SMCs questionnaire does not seem to be an appropriate indicator of objective cognitive performance among healthy community-dwelling older adults. Instead, SMCs are related to anxiety and obesity.