Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/31272
The objective of this cross-sectional analysis was to evaluate the basic anthropometry, physical fitness and specific skill of the Icelandic youth female national teams (U-16, U-17, U-19) by playing position and age. Data were collected from 85 players over a three month period from November 2017 to February 2018. Players were categorized into five different playing positions (goalkeepers, central defenders, wingbacks, central midfielders and forwards) and assessed for basic anthropometry (height and weight), extension leg power (countermovement jump, modified Abalakov jump and 30 m sprint), agility (the Illinois Agility test), anaerobic and aerobic endurance (5 x 30 m repeated agility test, Yo-Yo intermittent endurance test level 2) and kicking velocity. Statistical analysis was performed using one-way ANOVA and standard linear regression analysis. The main findings of this descriptive analysis by playing position revealed differences in anthropometry and physical fitness. Goalkeepers were taller and had higher body mass than all other playing positions except central defenders. Differences were also found between goalkeepers and outfield players in fatigue index and YoYo IE2 performance. No differences were observed in physical fitness between outfield playing positions, except for 30 m sprints, where central midfielders were slower than wingbacks. Results by age show a positive correlation between older age, kicking velocity and performance in YoYo IE2 test. Future research should adjust assessment methods to enhance direct comparability of data and assess players development with older age in a longitudinal study.
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