Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/31745
Emotions have a great impact on our thinking and behavior, but studies have shown they also affect involuntary cognitive processes, such as attention. These emotions guide our visual attention, and biases in attention have been found in many disorders, such as social anxiety and eating disorders. New studies have demonstrated a certain search pattern in humans based on how animals forage food in the nature. In this experiment, a foraging paradigm was used to assess foraging behavior for healthy and unhealthy food and whether the behavior differed between participants’ scoring on eating disorder questionnaires. Participants completed 3x16 trials in which they were supposed to tap, and thus remove, 20 target stimuli within 10 distractors. The targets were either healthy and unhealthy food stimuli within object distractors, healthy food and objects within unhealthy food distractors, or unhealthy food and objects within healthy food distractors. An attention bias was found for participants’ BMI and their scoring on the Restraint subscale of EDE-Q. No other significant differences were found between participants’ scoring on the eating disorder questionnaires, but all participants were faster at tapping when target stimuli were of the food-category, that is, healthy and unhealthy food targets within object distractors.
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