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Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/3303

Titill: 
  • Volcanic activity and environment. Impacts on agriculture and use of geological data to improve recovery processes
Útdráttur: 
  • Volcanic eruptions are dramatic events that can significantly affect the livelihood of
    surrounding populations, in particular since the fertility of volcanic soils results in
    them often being used for agricultural purposes. Therefore, when volcanic crises
    occur, the livelihood of farmers can be strongly affected. The actions taken both by
    farmers and the authorities during recovery phase from a volcanic eruption are
    important and will have a strong influence on the ability of local population to regain
    their financial equilibrium and independence. This study evaluates factors that are
    critical in the improvement of recovery processes for agricultural areas affected by
    natural hazards, and in particular volcanic activity. Work was carried on the basis of
    sites visits, focusing on interviewing scientists involved in the crises and/or local
    residents and authorities, as well as documentary reviews of past case histories of the
    handling of natural hazard crises. Four main field visits were carried out: Mts.
    Pinatubo and Mayon (Philippines), Mt. Unzen (Japan), Mt. Taranaki and heavy
    snowfalls of 2006 in South Canterbury (New Zealand) and Volcán de Turrialba
    (Costa Rica). The study reveals that scientists collect information throughout a
    volcanic crisis that can be used effectively to improve recovery response times in
    agricultural areas. In order to contribute positively to the recovery of an area, the
    information supplied needs to be relevant to the area affected which implies a preexisting
    knowledge of the specifics of the region depending on the type of crops or
    animals being raised, as well as of the climatic and seasonal components. In addition,
    it is important to have already established trusted communication channels between
    scientists, authorities and local communities through which this information can be
    transmitted to ensure efficient exchanges of this information. The case studies also
    show that communities that are organised around a strong support network achieve
    higher levels of resilience and thereby fare better not only throughout the emergency
    phase but also at recovery stage.

Samþykkt: 
  • 31.1.2009
URI: 
  • http://hdl.handle.net/1946/3303


Skrár
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