Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/33394
The overall aim of this study was to examine whether personal responsibility messages – as individualistic positive psychology proposes – backfire and cause more harm than good. Motivational messages promoting personal responsibility are a big part of the self-help industry. A priming study was conducted for 494 participants as personal responsibility messages were used as a stimulus. Results showed that personal responsibility messages had no impact on negative affect respondents overall. Interestingly, for those with symptoms of depression and anxiety; great self-discrepancy and low life satisfaction reported more negative affect after exposure of personal responsibility messages. Thus, these messages are harmful to those they are designed for and need the uplifting the most.