Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/33939
While the international community debates the possible content of a new global instrument for the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ), this thesis is looking at existing approaches of regional and sectoral bodies and organizations that aimed to improve their application for biodiversity conservation and to enhance cooperation and coordination. By doing so, it aims to assess what these experiences can bring to the BBNJ Process. The core study of this research is based on area-based management of marine biodiversity. For this reason, it considers two different existing efforts to protect the marine environment: (1) the OSPAR Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic, and its Network of marine protected areas (MPAs) that expand already in ABNJ; and the (2) the International Maritime Organizations’ Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas (PSSAs), which could potentially function in ABNJ and analyzes the shortcomings from the existing models. Looking at the above under the umbrella of the BBNJ Process it is further examined how the several stages of the BBNJ Process have shaped the current views on area-based management in ABNJ, focusing on institutional arrangements between the new instrument and the existing mechanisms and the rule to not undermine the existing architecture. The analysis continues, examining the significance of cross-sectoral collaboration as practiced by the existing instruments for an integrated approach to the conservation of marine biological diversity but highlights the need for its further development. Complementing these concerns, the study describes the potential utilization of the CBD Process for identifying Ecologically or Biologically Significant Areas (EBSA process) under the new instrument as a mechanism with a mandate to enhance cross-sectoral collaboration in ABNJ. Concluding, the thesis presents a summary of the issues analyzed and some remarks regarding the future development of the BBNJ Negotiations and the future ILBI.
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