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Thesis (Bachelor's)

Reykjavík University > Samfélagssvið / School of Social Sciences > BSc Sálfræðideild / Department of Psychology >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/35973

Title: 
  • The use of whole interval recording as registration method for independent on-task behavior of a student with autism-spectrum disorder
Degree: 
  • Bachelor's
Abstract: 
  • Children with autism spectrum disorder sometimes need extra motivation to stay on-task while in school. The purpose of the current study was twofold; (1) to use whole-interval recording as a recording method to document the occurrence of independent on-task behavior of a student with ASD, and (2) to study the effect of using behavior contract with token economy on on-task behaviors in academic setting. Recording of the student’s behavior, referred to as Anna, took place in Klettaskóli, a special school for children with intellectual disabilities. The experimenter of the current study attended Anna’s classes (mathematics, Icelandic, and English), three times a week to record her behavior with whole interval recording as a recording method, Anna’s on-task behavior was objectively and well described. The main results showed that the occurrence of Anna’s on-task behavior varied from 40-60% for each subject which indicates that there is room for improvement. The plan was to use behavior contract with token economy to increase Anna’s on-task behavior but an intervention was never conducted due to the Covid-19 pandemic.
    Keywords: autism-spectrum disorder, on-task behavior, direct assessment, whole interval recording, behavior contract

  • Abstract is in Icelandic

    Börn sem greind eru með einhverfurófsröskun þurfa að jafnaði á meiri hvatningu að halda til að ná árangri í námi en börn með venjulegan andlegan þroska. Tilgangur þessarar rannsóknar var tvíþættur; (1) að nota heilbilsskráningu (whole-interval recording) til þess að skrá niður fjölda tilfella þar sem þátttakandi með einhverfurófsröskun lærði sjálfstætt í kennslustund og hvenær hann lærði ekki, og (2) að rannsaka áhrif þess að nota hegðunarsamning (behavior contract) með kumlanámi (token economy) á lærdómshegðun í skóla. Skráning gagna fór fram í Klettaskóla, þar sem fylgst var með hegðun nemanda (kölluð Anna). Rannsakandi mætti í kennslustundir Önnu (stærðfræði, íslenku og ensku) þrisvar í viku þar sem hann fylgdist með og skráði hegðun hennar með heilbilaskráningu, hegðun sem átti að mæla var lýst á hlutlægan og nákvæman hátt. Megin niðurstöður sýndu að Anna lærði sjálfstætt 40-60% kennslustundar í hverju fagi sem gefur til kynna að rými gefst fyrir bætingar. Seinni hluti rannsóknarinnar, að nota hegðunarsamning til að auka vinnuhegðun Önnu, var ekki framkvæmd vegna áhrifa frá Covid-19.
    Efnisorð: einhverfurófsröskun, virk lærdómshegðun, beint mat, heilbilaskráning, hegðunarsamningur

Accepted: 
  • Jun 9, 2020
URI: 
  • http://hdl.handle.net/1946/35973


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