Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/36517
Emotional dependency is defined as a strong tendency to let feelings control oneself on behaviour, thoughts and decisions. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) can be an effective tool in working with feelings, behaviour and negative thinking when treating mental health disorders such as depression and anxiety or in improving self-esteem. Purpose of homework is to facilitate the generalization and maintenance of CBT skills. The aim of the current study is to examine whether emotional dependency is connected to participants' regular use of CBT methods and if participants considered CBT helpful for diminishing the symptoms of anxiety, depression, stress and low self-esteem. Six self-evaluation questionnaires were presented to 41 participants on three selected measure points over four weeks treatment period for each group. The results showed improvement, over four weeks of CBT group therapy, on depression, self-esteem, anxiety, and stress. The pre- to post-treatment effect sizes (Cohen’s d) for depression (ES = 0.79) and stress (ES = 0.52) were medium but small for anxiety (ES = 0.24). A smaller proportion of participants with low self-esteem (29%) adopted regular use of CBT compared to participants with depression or anxiety (71%). Participants who used the method of CBT consistently showed less emotional dependence by the end of the course compared to those who did not use CBT over the time of the course. Where there was no significant difference in the beginning and middle measurements, the results indicate that CBT diminish personal emotional dependence rather than emotional dependency would reduce participants´ capacity to use CBT in a homework situation.
Keywords: cognitive behavioural therapy, emotional dependency, interventions, group therapy.
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