Vinsamlegast notið þetta auðkenni þegar þið vitnið til verksins eða tengið í það: http://hdl.handle.net/1946/36531
Introduction: The man-made rise in concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHG) are interfering with the climate system. To reduce GHG emissions to the atmosphere, human beings must drastically change their way of life. In order to effectively deal with the climate crisis, it is important to understand what factors predict avoidance behaviour (e.g., avoiding discussions or news) and pro-environmental behaviour (PEB; e.g., using public transportation).
Objectives: Drawing on the cognitive theory of anxiety, we examined the four factors of the anxiety equation (i.e., perceived probability of threat, awfulness of danger, perceived ability to cope and perceived rescue factors) and depression, anxiety and stress as predictors of avoidance behaviour and low- and high-impact PEB.
Methods: A total of 971 adults (Meanage = 36.84, 75.1% female) answered an online survey consisting of questions and questionnaires.
Results: Linear regression analysis revealed that an increase in perceived ability to cope and threat and awfulness were associated with an increase in low- and high-impact PEB. An increase in perceived ability to cope was also associated with a decrease in avoidance behaviour. Furthermore, an increase in stress was associated with an increase in avoidance behaviour.
Conclusion: Individuals who experience climate change as threat to their safety yet feel capable of coping with that threat engage in the most pro-environmental way. In order to contribute to large-scale societal change, policy approaches should aim at providing a balanced approach of informing the public of the climate change crises and providing effective ways of dealing with climate change.
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