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Listaháskóli Íslands > Hönnunar- og arkitektúrdeild / Department of Design and Architecture > Ritgerðir til MA-gráðu / MA theses (MA) >

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  • Titill er á ensku Transhuman tissue from algae : testing Haematococcus Pluvialis for tissue engineering
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  • Given their multiple characteristics and peculiarities in the pharmaceutical, energy and nutritional fields, microalgae are the subject of discussion in biodesign and bioart for the search of new processes and applications, to implement the use of these algae in other sectors and consequently raise awareness of the use of eco-sustainable solutions by limiting the use of synthetic materials at the expense of the environment. The simplicity in cultivation and reproduction, their ability to produce oxygen, antioxidants and proteins, have convinced me to be the excellent candidates for testing a new material. Since algae are considered by the scientific community as the main resource of the future, I think that finding solutions using them for the synthesization of new materials can open up new possibilities for design in the future, introducing biomaterials for future designer.
    The main objectives of this thesis are to develop and evaluate growth parameters in different environmental conditions of the Haematococcus Pluvialis microalgae. This work demostrates that Haematococcus Pluvialis may represents a valid alternative for the production of new transhuman biomaterials, also suggesting its use in the field of tissue
    engineering as a support material for the human body, for implementation of cognitive, chemical and physiological capabilities.
    Synthesizing a biomaterial using Haematococus Pluvialis and alginate as scaffold material implies the expression of the characteristics of the microalgae in it. Tests carried out on Haematococcus Pluvialis confirm that microalgae subjected to stressful environments, they change pigmentation, morphology and metabolism; these peculiarities can be exploited in speculative ways in the field of tissue engineering as a new transhumanist membrane tissue being able not only to replace damaged tissues, but to implement the organism with new stimuli and characteristics, living in symbiosis through the exchange of nutrients such as oxygen, water and antioxidants. By using the techniques of biotechnological engineering I am able to produce an eco-sustainable, biodegradable material, capable of producing oxygen, purify the air from co2 and be used as an environmental sensor through the pigmentations of the metabolism of the internal cells.
    The use of alginate, a material already in use in the field of tissue engineering extracted from brown algae, is an excellent solution to incorporate the algae cells to ensure their survival in it, shaping a material entirely from algae, economical and highly biocompatible.

  • 25.6.2020

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